topf und söhne villa

21 Dez topf und söhne villa

[17] To try to conceal what had been going on, the SS blew up the crematoria and gas chambers before the Soviet troops arrived. … Ansehen It also includes transcripts of two documents from the original Topf company, making its collaboration with the SS clear. Busca y compara hoteles cercanos a J. It also has changing exhibitions, film viewings, talks, etc. [28] The University of Erfurt's television channel, UNIcut,[31] made a short report about the occupation shortly before the eviction. The Topf brothers wanted to return and manage the firm, but at a company works council meeting on 30 January 1933, they were labelled "Judengenossen" (friends of Jews) and not suitable to lead the company. As with all Topf & Söhne stationary ovens, the parts were made in the factory in Erfurt, and the firm's staff went on site to build them, often spending months at the camps. Au début du XXe siècle, elle était déjà l'un des plus grands fabricants mondiaux d'installations de chaufferies industrielles pour brasseries. [1][15] He is quoted as saying during the interrogations "I was a German engineer and key member of the Topf works and I saw it as my duty to apply my specialist knowledge in this way in order to help Germany win the war, just as an aircraft construction engineer builds airplanes in wartime, which are also connected with the destruction of human beings. [1], In 1951 Topf founded a new company, in Wiesbaden, to make crematoria and refuse incinerators. Auch unbequemer. H. Kori built 42 single chamber ovens at various camps.[4]. En 1914, l'entreprise se lança sur un nouveau marché et se mit à construire des installations d'incinération pour les crématoires municipaux. Comment ajouter mes sources ? Dennoch markiert das gerade erschienene Buch „Industrie und Holocaust. However, for appearances sake, they were persuaded to join the Nazi party, in April 1933. In 1952 it was renamed "NAGEMA VEB Maschinenfabrik "Nikos Belojannis", after a Greek communist who had been an inmate in a German concentration camp in Greece. In 1994 Sabine Leutheusser-Schnarrenberger, the German Justice Minister, also refused that claim because, she said, the factory was used to manufacture the "murder machinery of the extermination camp. Si vous disposez d'ouvrages ou d'articles de référence ou si vous connaissez des sites web de qualité traitant du thème abordé ici, merci de compléter l'article en donnant les références utiles à sa vérifiabilité et en les liant à la section « Notes et références ». Meer over 1942: - Bekijk deze uitzending in het scherm hierboven. Les installations Topf & Fils représentaient une avancée considérable pour les crémations lors de funérailles religieuses. The firm's senior managers already had a lot of independence and operations continued without any major upheaval. "[23], Over the next two years, the other three men remained in custody and were interrogated in Germany and in Moscow, where, on 17 April 1948, they were sentenced to 25 years in a Russian labour camp. Abuse is known to have occurred; the camp manager, Wilhelm Buchröder, a Nazi, was dismissed in 1944 by Ernst Topf for beating Zwangsarbeiter, although it is reported that his successor also mistreated them. für den Inhalt verantwortlich und Betreiber der Website. [4], From August 1940 to May 1942, Topf & Söhne built three double-muffle ovens at Auschwitz Camp I. Those present observed the bodies being put in the ovens and burned. [4], Kurt Prüfer (1891–1952), a senior engineer and the main designer of the ovens, was initially arrested by the American CIC on 30 May 1945 and interrogated. Damit kommt Topf & Söhne eine Schlüsselrolle bei der Umsetzung des Völkermords an den europäischen Juden und den Sinti und Roma zu. [5] He left a suicide note claiming that he and his brother were innocent and that he was the 'opposite' of a Nazi, but he thought he would be used as a scapegoat anyway. There were also small numbers of Poles, Dutch, Croatians and Czechs. L'entreprise dans laquelle fut absorbée Topf & Fils à l'époque de la RDA tenta de faire endosser toute la responsabilité aux propriétaires capitalistes de l'entreprise. En effet, les fours étaient peu fiables et n'étaient garantis que deux mois. However, important witness statements were lost and Soviet authorities in Erfurt were no longer interested in assisting with the case. [22] The book contains photographs of piles of bodies and crematoria at various concentration camps. To deal with the increased demand for body disposal, Topf & Söhne installed a further two 8-muffle ovens in September 1942. In 2007 the Dutch broadcaster VPRO made a television documentary about Topf & Söhne called The Big Denial as part of the In Europe series. Il était l'un des quatre ingénieurs qui furent arrêtés et condamnés par les fonctionnaires soviétiques en 1946. During World War I it made weapons shells, limbers (carts for carrying artillery) and other military vehicles. It had already been agreed in the Yalta Conference, held in February 1945, that the area would come under Soviet control after the Germans had been defeated. They also filmed the camp, including the crematoria, with the camera pointedly focusing on the J.A. [4], He had four sons: Gustav (1853–1893); Albert (1857–1896); Max Julius Ernst, known as Julius (1859–1914) and Wilhelm Louis, known as Ludwig, (1863–1914). This was illegal, but all subsequent multi-muffle ovens built for the concentration camps were designed in the same way. Topf moved the company to Mainz in 1954. [24] Some descendants of the Topf family made a claim for the former family villa and factory in Erfurt which had been made state property. From 1941, Topf & Söhne used forced labour in its factory, as did many other German firms in the Nazi period. Epithets such as 'the engineers of the final solution' and 'the technicians of mass murder' have been applied to Töpf & Söhne, because, to a greater extent than its competitors, it used its considerable expertise to assist the Nazi regime to make mass execution into an efficient, industrial process. Topf & Söhne, hoping to capitalise on its good reputation prior to World War II. He was unmarried and had no children. C'est dans les années 1930 que Ludwig et Ernst Wolfgang Topf commencèrent à travailler dans l'entreprise créée par leur grand-père. La firme Topf commence sa collaboration avec les SS en concevant et vendant des fours crématoires pour Buchenwald. By 1885 J.A. Erinnerungsort Topf & Söhne – Die Ofenbauer von Auschwitz. In Heil- und Pflegeanstalten wurden 1940/1941 in der "Aktion T4" Menschen mit Behinderungen und psychischen Erkrankungen systematisch ermordet. Topf & Söhne) was an engineering company, founded in 1878 in Erfurt, Germany by Johannes Andreas Topf (1816–1891). [20], On 27 April 1945, Ludwig Topf organised a meeting with company's works council at which it was agreed that the line to be taken with investigators was that workers and management knew that the ovens were delivered to concentration camps, but that they did not know the details of what was going on. Schüle, Annegret: Industrie und Holocaust. Der DFB zeichnet seit 2005 Vereine, Institutionen und Einzelpersonen aus, die sich für Demokratie und Menschenwürde sowie gegen Antisemitismus, Rassismus und jede Form der Diskriminierung einsetzen. Elle était clairement conçue pour le long terme et susceptible de se développer, et on s'en rendait bien compte chez Topf & Fils. Pour effacer les traces de leurs crimes, les SS firent sauter les crématoires d'Auschwitz-Birkenau en janvier 1945. 4,1 von 5 Sternen 16. The company not only made crematoria ovens, it also made ventilation systems for the gas chambers at Auschwitz II–Birkenau. They used stop-watches to time the process and took notes. In addition, deductions were made for food and accommodation, and other costs. Het bedrijf had in het eerste oorlogsjaar een flinke financiële klap gekregen en in april 1941 was de schuld opgelopen tot … He owned his own brewery and had also worked in the fuel technology industry. Ludwig Topf et son frère Ernst-Wolfgang, industriels bien connus d'Erfurt, avaient pris la carte de membre du parti nazi fin avril 1933 mais ils n'étaient ni racistes ni antisémites. Suche und vergleiche Hotels nahe J. Kurt Prüfer, le directeur de la division de Construction des Fours Spéciaux, était dans une situation difficile sur le plan interne, car la direction de l'entreprise jugeait qu'il rapportait trop peu de bénéfices. J.A. Topf & Fils (J.A. Man kann diese Rose wirklich weiterempfehlen. He was later involved with researching the history of the firm and in setting up the memorial site and museum. The site and its history, Analyzing and documenting the history of the J. Die Texte sind einer Ausstellung über Häuserkampf und Stadtteilppolitik entnommen, die ebenfalls von den Besetzer/innen des Topf & Söhne-Geländes erstellt wurde. A. Topf und Söhne — Das Unternehmen J. [3], In addition to Auschwitz and Auschwitz II–Birkenau, Topf & Söhne also built crematoria ovens for Buchenwald, Dachau, Mauthausen-Gusen, Mogilev ghetto, and the Gross-Rosen concentration camp. However, the family made a further claim for financial compensation. The unusually high numbers looked suspicious, so the SS wanted their own on-site facilities, although it was illegal for crematoria to be outside of local authority control. The brothers, like their father, did have many good relationships with Jewish friends, neighbours and business contacts. Der Deutscher Fußballbund zeichnet Bildungsprojekt vom Erinnerungsort Topf & Söhne und Spirit of Football e.V. [12], Topf & Söhne engineers and other staff visited the concentration camps many times, not only to install and repair equipment, but also to observe processes to help make them more efficient. It is the only memorial of its type relating to a civilian company's collaboration in the Holocaust. A. Topf und Söhne mit Skyscanner-Hotels. La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 22 juillet 2020 à 16:11. [10], The first transport of Jews arrived at Auschwitz II on 15 February 1942. Later, the company diversified into silos, chimneys, incinerators for burning municipal waste, and crematoria.During World War I it made weapons shells, limbers (carts … Barracks that could accommodate 52 Zwangsarbeiter were built on the Topf & Söhne factory site. Topf's wife Erika, aged 52, died in April 1963. [5], After German reunification in 1990, over 2.5 million claims were made for restitution of property that had been confiscated during the Nazi period, or by the East German government. Die „Besetzer_innen“ wollen mit der Aktion auf den Abriss der Industriebrache Topf und Söhne sowie der drohenden Räumung des Besetzten Hauses auf einem Teil des ehemaligen Firmengeländes aufmerksam machen. [5][1], In 1959 the state prosecutors in Frankfurt reopened investigations into Topf. However, in an administration office at Birkenau camp, the Soviets found documentation relating to Topf & Söhne, detailing "the construction of the technology of mass death, complete with the precise costs of crematoria and calculations of the number of corpses each could incinerate in a day". Ausstellung: 31.10.2020 10:00 – 04.07.2021 18:00 Kategorie: Sonderausstellung, Geschichte, Gedenken, Topf und Söhne. [12][6], It was calculated that all four of Auschwitz II's crematoria had the capacity to cremate a total of 8000 bodies per day, although the actual numbers were usually lower. [5], The site of the former factory is now a holocaust memorial site and a museum. He then joined Ludwig in Leipzig, studying at the Handelshochschule, now the Leipzig Graduate School of Management, graduating in 1929. Am 12. The company's crematoria department was closed in 1955 and in 1957 it stopped production of all forms of combustion machinery and was renamed VEB Erfurter Mälzerei- und Speicherbau (VEB EMS), (Erfurt Oasthouse and Granary Construction). [8], The influence of Nazi staff within the firm also grew. There was further bad publicity when the book Macht ohne Moral ('Power without Morals') was published in 1957. A. Topf & Söhne die Verbrennungsöfen und die Lüftungstechnik für die Gaskammern. He was released three weeks later and returned to work. The idea was that the bodies would be loaded by a type of conveyor belt and the heat of the bodies already in the oven would ignite them, thus, after an initial heating period, it would remain in continuous operation without the need for any further fuel – the heat of burning corpses would keep the apparatus running. Du business dans les camp de concentration : les complices passifs et actifs au sein de l'entreprise, Topf & Fils, partenaires de la SS : initiatives et avantages, Après la guerre : effacer les traces - se souvenir - nier, https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Topf_und_Söhne&oldid=173159133, Massacre ou atrocité de la Seconde Guerre mondiale, Article manquant de références depuis juillet 2012, Article manquant de références/Liste complète, Portail:Seconde Guerre mondiale/Articles liés, Portail:Époque contemporaine/Articles liés, licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence. In World War II it also made weapons shells and aircraft parts for the Luftwaffe. The film and still photographs of the camp were shown around the world. Topf & Söhne Die Erfurter Firma J. Die Firma Topf & Söhne lieferte die benötigten Verbrennungsöfen und trat damit seinen Dienst als Handlanger des Holocaust an. [4], Kurt Prüfer, the head of Topf & Söhne's small crematoria department, was the main oven designer. April 2001 besetzten AntifaschistInnen einen Teil des ehemaligen Topf und Söhne Geländes in Erfurt. Am 05.04.09 wurde die ehemalige Villa der Familie Topf in der Rubenstraße in Erfurt scheinbesetzt. A further four, single-muffle ovens were built at Dachau by Topf & Söhne's competitor H. Topf & Söhne – Die Ofenbauer von Auschwitz“ der Stiftung Gedenkstätten Buchenwald und Mittelbau-Dora in Verbindung mit dem Jüdischen Museum Berlin und dem Staatlichen Museum Auschwitz. [29] The Topf brothers and the design engineers worked from this building. In all, Topf built 25 crematoria ovens which had a total of 76 incineration chambers (called 'muffles') for concentration camps. Originally, it made heating systems and brewing and malting equipment. Wähle aus Millionen von Zimmern in Hotels, Resorts, Apartments und Hostels weltweit aus. Ils donnent au souvenir une forme visible et tangible. From April 1938 to March 1939, 90% of all cremations at Weimar came from Buchenwald. Pour ce faire, il leur fallut observer les premiers massacres et incinérations dans les crématoires. [18][19], In April 1945, Erfurt and Buchenwald were liberated by the US Army. (mz) Erinnerungsort Topf & Söhne, Sorbenweg 7, Erfurt, Di-So 10-18 Uhr Das Haus im Internet: www.topfundsoehne.de Observations, innovations and patent applications, Stiftung Gedenkstätten Buchenwald und Mittelbau-Dora (2005), Holocaust Education & Archive Research Team (2007), Erinnerungsort Topf & Söhne, 12 July 2017. They had two children. Elsa Topf was also estranged from her daughter, whose marriage she disapproved of. Johannes Topf died in 1891, and in 1904 Julius Topf stepped down to become a sleeping partner due to ill health, leaving Ludwig managing it on his own. Originally, it made heating systems and brewing and malting equipment. C'est lui qui accéléra, à partir de 1939, la collaboration de Topf & Fils avec la SS. [1], In March 1948 the Spruchkammer in Wiesbaden, where Topf had moved to, took over his files. Because of this, at the end of 1932, the brothers were made redundant. Topf & Söhne logo and manufacturer's name plate attached to the ovens. (20 cm, 16 cm, 28 cm), Edelstahl/schwarz. Ceux-ci développaient les machines spéciales Topf qui étaient ensuite produites dans les ateliers de l'entreprise. The company's history was not fully researched until after German reunification in 1990. The two older brothers also joined the company in the late 1880s, but they both died by the mid-1890s; Gustav, aged 40 and Albert, aged 39. Most of them came from France, Italy, the Soviet Union and Belgium. La SS fut désignée comme seule coupable. Et pourtant, leur entreprise a équipé les camps de concentration et d'extermination de fours crématoires et … Cet article est copié avec permission du catalogue de l'exposition de Malignes, http://www.topf.be/fr/topf.html. The company went bankrupt in May 1963. Malgré de nombreux efforts pour étouffer toute l'affaire, les complicités passives et actives ont laissé des traces. Prüfer later designed ovens with muffles large enough for multiple bodies to be burned simultaneously. En même temps, ils confirment l'importance qu'a eue Topf & Fils pour le perfectionnement de l'extermination industrialisée. Topf died in 1979. Assmann, Aleida; Hidderman, Frank (eds)(2002) Firma Topf & Söhne – Hersteller der Öfen für Auschwitz: Ein Fabrikgelände als Erinnerungsort? "Topf & Söhne", wie die Firma nach dem Tod des Gründers hieß, setzte seit 1914 auch auf einen neuen Trend - die Einäscherung. Die nostalgischen Blüten sind hitzeverträglich und leicht duftend. These people received wages, but they were paid 25–30% less than the German employees. It includes archival footage from the 1930s and 40s, and footage of the ruins of the Topf family villa in 2007 and the Erfurt factory site and administration building before it was restored as a memorial site. They were then permitted to return and were appointed joint managers, with Ludwig as the technical manager, and Ernst as the business manager. It was handed over on 3 July 1945. Crematorium IV was out of use from May 1943, after only two months of service, because it developed cracks. When their father died, the two sons, aged 10 and 9, were sent away to a boarding school. Pourtant, ils ne tirèrent pas de bénéfice de leurs contrats avec la SS, qui ne représentaient que 3 % de leur chiffre d'affaires. Look up the English to German translation of Topf in the PONS online dictionary. [14], At the end of June 1945, Ernst Topf travelled to an insurance company in Stuttgart, then in the French occupied zone, to collect a 300,000 Reichmark life insurance payout that was due following his brother Ludwig's death. [15] Initially, the process of gassing prisoners and then letting fresh air into the gas chambers lasted several hours, but after the exhaust fans were installed this was reduced to about an hour, thus reducing the turn around time. Cerca e confronta hotel vicino a J.A. Topf und Söhne) est une société allemande spécialisée en installations de chauffage qui fut créée en 1878 à Erfurt. [1], Initially, Buchenwald camp, which opened in July 1937, sent bodies to the local Weimar city crematorium. It was privatised in 1993 after German reunification and it went bankrupt in 1996. Welche Kriterien es bei dem Kaufen Ihres Kaffee campingkocher zu bewerten gibt. The occupation was one of the most well known actions of left-radicals of that period in Germany. [5], After falling into decay for many years, the former Topf & Söhne site was given historic monument protection status by the state of Thuringia in 2003. J.A. [1], On 26 October 1942, the engineer Fritz Sander, Prüfer's manager, applied for a patent for what he called a "continuous operation corpse incineration oven for mass use". In 1949 the Soviet Occupied Zone became the German Democratic Republic (East Germany). This bland valediction (complimentary close) was often used at the end of letters Topf & Söhne sent to the SS, in which details of orders for concentration camp ovens were discussed.[30]. [28] About 30 remaining squatters were evicted by the police on 16 April 2009. Hallo und Herzlich Willkommen hier. Hier das Programm bis einschließlich Sonntag: 10.4.2009. The Patent Application, Concentration camps shown as film evidence during the Nuremberg Trials, German Minister Says Heirs of Crematorium Maker Won’t Be Compensated, Regional events in Germany keep memories of the Holocaust alive, Hochschulfernsehen "UNIcut" feiert Jubiläum, Topf & Sons Remembrance Site official website, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Topf_and_Sons&oldid=992006672, Articles with German-language sources (de), Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Cependant les relations avec la SS étaient houleuses. [3], As Ernst Topf was now in western Germany and his brother Ludwig was dead, Topf & Söhne was declared an "ownerless company" and in 1946 it was taken over by the state and renamed "Topfwerke Erfurt VEB". Topf & Söhne – Die Ofenbauer von Auschwitz, Göttingen 2010. Und so wird es wohl am Hirnzigenberg noch eine ganze Weile so ruhig bleiben. Topf and Sons (German: J.A. [1], Later, in December 1946, because of his membership of the Nazi party, the Fritzlar-Homberg Spruchkammer, a German civilian denazification court, started investigating Ernst Topf. [1], The muffles of the concentration camp ovens were smaller than those for civil crematoria, because no space for a coffin was needed, which saved both space and fuel. Puis elle emporte le "marché du siècle" consistant à équiper les crématoires II à V à Auschwitz-Birkenau[2]. [4], On 1 March 1946 the firm was given a large contract for malting and brewing equipment by the reparations department of the Soviet military, however a few days later, four engineers of the firm were arrested. He maintained that the ovens they had delivered to the concentration camps were standard equipment, of the same type that they made for city crematoria for civilian use and claimed that if they had refused to work with the SS they would have been severely punished. Assmann, Aleida; Hidderman, Frank (eds) (2002), This page was last edited on 3 December 2020, at 00:07. Topf was required to provide two sworn witness statements regarding his non-Nazi political leanings – two employees of Topf & Söhne provided these and vouched for him. He established the new company to sell a system for heating brewing coppers which he had invented and patented. Heute beginnt das 8-Jahre-besetzt-Festival im Besetzten Haus auf dem ehemaligen Topf & Söhne Gelände in Erfurt. [1], At its peak Topf & Söhne was the largest company of its type in the world. This was a four-storey oven designed for Auschwitz II. The ambitious engineer Kurt Prüfer joined at the same time. II. In the 1932 elections they became the second largest party; Hitler became chancellor in March 1933. Conformément aux exigences de la SS - ils perfectionnèrent également les chambres à gaz en installant des systèmes de ventilation dans les crématoires II et III et un système d'aspiration de l'air dans le crématoire V[4]. His brother Julius died of blood poisoning later the same year. [9] An additional five triple-muffle ovens were installed at Auschwitz II by mid-March 1943. On 16 April 2009 about 30 remaining squatters who occupied part of the Topf & Söhne site from 2001 to 2009 were evicted by the police. Topf und Söhne. On les retrouve, partiellement cachées, dans les documents de l'exposition. [8] Der Beitritt zur NSDAP sowie die anfängliche Geschäftsbeziehung zur SS können teilweise mit der Angst der Gebrüder um den … Plus miliony pokojów w hotelach, kurortach, apartamentowcach i schroniskach na całym świecie. Topf committed suicide on 31 May 1945, by cyanide poisoning. A fifth son died in childhood. [1], In December 1939, a patent application was made for Prüfer's double-muffle transportable cremation unit, although it was not approved, possibly because of the legal problem of ash mixing. [26], The factory workshops no longer remain, but a museum and education centre opened in the former administration building on 27 January 2011, Holocaust Memorial Day. A senior engineer, Kurt Prüfer, was arrested the day before, and Topf was warned that he was about to be arrested himself. It prospered during World War I due to contracts for weapons shells and military vehicles. In an interview given in 2005, his daughter Hildegard who was 16 in 1943, said she would never forget him saying on his return, "If what I have seen comes out, we will all be wading up to our knees in blood". Il ne fut jamais inquiété par la justice[3]. Topf & Fils (J.A. The state of Thuringia contributed over one million euros to establishing the museum. The Americans forced the citizens of nearby Weimar to walk through the camp to witness what had been going on. Sök och jämför hotell nära J. Les dirigeants de Topf & Fils, tout comme les employés concernés, nièrent toute culpabilité et toute complicité de ces crimes.

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